Humanitarian Aid

Caritas Nepal > Humanitarian Aid

One of the three objectives of our work is Humanitarian Aid. This means trying to empower people in emergency and humanitarian crises to recover, sustainably rebuild their lives and participate in overall development. 

Ongoing Projects

Goal
To facilitate the formal education program for Bhutanese refugee children in refugee camps and admission to a community school. 

Duration
Jan 2018 to Dec 2019 

Location
Pathari Sanischare MunicipalityDamak MunicipalityDistrict Education office, Jhapa and Morang 

Beneficiaries Outreach
Bhutanese Refugee children and families  

Funding Partner  

Implementing Partner
UNHCR 

The Situation (Background)
In the early 1990s, tensions between the Bhutanese government and the “Lhotshampas” (Bhutanese inhabitants of Nepalese descent) increased more and more. Fear and persecution led many Lhotshampas to flee to Nepal. In the early 1990s, the bank of the Maidhar River in eastern Nepal was temporarily occupied by thousands of refugees from Bhutan seeking asylum in Nepal. 

The Bhutanese families were unable to return home and subsequently settled in third countries such as the US, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and Europe. There used to be seven refugee camps, but today there are only two: Beldangi in the Jhapa district and Sanischare in the Morang district. There are currently 6,809 refugees in the two remaining camps and the total number of resettled refugees is 1.12.966. Caritas Nepal continues to provide services to ensure refugee children’s right to education. 

Approach (Strategies)
Caritas Nepal was the first organization to provide the refugees with food and supplies. Later, when many other institutions also provided funds to meet basic needs, Caritas Nepal focused on the education program for refugee children from Bhutan.  

Refugee children have been taught in the camps since 1991. Since 1993, there has been a formal program for the primary education of refugee children. In the course of this, donations were also collected in order to finance a secondary education. These activities continue until today. 

Given the declining population of the camp and successful resettlements, Caritas’s strategy is to find a permanent alternative solution to guarantee access to education for refugee children. In the future, public and private schools will expectedly take over the education of the children. 

Achievements

  • A total of 1302 refugee children were formally taught in the camps.
  • Almost 50% of the students who dropped out of school during the project period returned to school within three months.
  • In the school year 2018/2019, an average of 80% of refugee children passed their class.
  • 851 refugee children and 770 students from public host schools have access to computer learning programs.
  • 48 participants learned basic skills in teaching children how to use computers and how to use them in the classroom.
  • In the reporting period, around 200 students were relocated.
  • 851 users benefited from solar-powered Internet facilities.
  • 32 disabled children are provided with special support in the camp schools.

Goal: Earthquake affected households are living safe and dignified lives.

Period: January 2016 to June 2019.

Nepal Earthquake Recovery Programme (NERP) is enabling earthquake affected 9409 households (46,640/- people) to realize a holistic recovery. Social and economic recovery services in shelter, WASH, livelihood, DRR, social protection and psychosocial support have been provided to the households affected by the major earthquakes of 2015.

Documents for Download:

Goal
To restore and strengthen the resilience of people affected by the earthquake. 

Duration
January 2018 to December 2019 

Location
Sindhupalchowk 

Beneficiaries Outreach
2415 marginalized ethnic, 398 socially excluded and 1312 in general  

Funding Partner 
Caritas Germany  

Implementing Partner
Janahit Gramin Sewa Samittee (JGSS) 

The Situation (Background)
The devastating earthquake of 2015 caused enormous damage throughout the country. Sindhupalchowk, however, is one of the worst affected districts. 

Approach (Strategies) 

The main areas of intervention for this project are:  

  • The organization of communities through the formation of committees and groups responsible for restoration and reconstruction.
  • Imparting better technologies for reconstruction, e.g. municipal infrastructures such as irrigation systems.
  • Raising awareness of DRR and mobilizing communities to improve resilience.
  • Coordinate with local government to do activities in a synergistic way.
  • Maintenance, repair and construction of irrigation canals, ponds and water supply systems.
  • Seasonal and extra-seasonal training on vegetable farming strategies, advanced equipment for traditional blacksmithing, commercial beekeeping, hygiene practices and sanitation.
  • Construction of earthquake-proof houses.
  • Measures to reduce danger e.g. construction of a gabion wall in the disaster area.
  • Disaster preparedness activities e.g. Training at community level.

Achievements 

Livelihood 

  • In Syaule, Batase and Sympal Kavre, 4 irrigation channels and 1 irrigation pond were repaired and built.
  • 241 households can irrigate 698 Ropani (87.75 acres).
  • 290 beneficiaries from 14 agricultural groups received support in sowing, germination, pest control, etc. through training and education.
  • 14 agricultural savings groups, received training on financial accounting and record keeping.
  • Thirty-seven beneficiaries received a one-day orientation on poultry farming.
  • 14 beneficiaries were trained in modern blacksmithing and received additional support in the purchase of new equipment.
  • 15 beneficiaries have received commercial beekeeper training and equipment support.

WASH

  • 45 child-friendly taps, 6 inlets, 7 storage tanks, 3 collection chambers, 3227 meter long main pipelines and 8930 meter long distribution pipelines were built.
  • 276 households now have access to clean drinking water.
  • 2859 people benefited from activities to promote hygiene such as celebrating World Water Day, Environment Day and Day of Menstrual Hygiene, Nursing Week, and the Global Day of Hand Washing. In addition, awareness raising programs on hygiene have been carried out in parent groups and extracurricular activities.
  • 20 beneficiaries were trained on the operation and maintenance of water supplies.

DDR

  • 105 participants from 5 schools followed the School Disaster Risk Management Plan.
  • 2624 households were rebuilt through technical assistance to support the national objective of safe housing reconstruction in earthquake-affected areas.
  • 696 people have seen the street drama about the reconstruction of safe houses.
  • 21 participants were trained on Vulnerability Capacity Assessment (VCA).
  • The SDMP follow-up meeting was completed in 7 schools.

Goal: Improve the living standard and reduce vulnerability of the poorest of the poor and revive their livelihoods through improved irrigation canal, vocational training, introduce the modern technology, local infrastructure including WASH facility.

Location: Nuwakot, (Tadi ward no 4, Kispang ward 2 and 5)

Period: July 2018 to June 2020

Outreach: 758

The Project entitled Strengthening people action for WASH and Sustainable Livelihood in Nuwakot.”(1-AS-NPL-0000007542 ) is two years Project funded by Caritas Espanola which has aimed to improve the living standard and to reduce vulnerability of the poorest of the poor and revived their livelihoods through improved irrigation canal, vocational training, introduce to modern technology, local infrastructure including WASH facility.

The specific objectives of the project are:

  • To increase livelihood opportunities by enhancing economic status of poorest of the poor
  • To enhance production diversification and marketing of crop and livestock
  • To provide pure water supply and hygiene promotion

The project has designed to reduce the poverty and increase the food security of targeted families  where precipitation deficits, decreasing soil fertility, water source dry up and rudimentary capacity problems are becoming significant threats to agricultural production and productivity and the primary beneficiaries of the project are poorest of the poor i.e. food insecurity especially earthquake affected households, child and female headed households, socially back warded household, disabled and elderly persons, ethnic minorities, micro enterprises families and poor households who are prone to vulnerability.

Completed Projects

Goal: Rebuild completely damaged and most vulnerable households through enhanced capacity of vulnerable individual, household and community to strengthen, protect and access resources and enable recovery from the current disaster and enhance preparedness and response mechanisms to absorb in the future.

Location: Gulariya Municipality, 1,3,4,5,8,10 and 12, Bardiya

Period: March 2018 to October 2018

Caritas Nepal, through its regional office Kohalpur, Banke, has successfully completed the project “Disaster Recovery and Resilience Development for the Vulnerable Flood Affected Population in Bardiya district”. The project has been implemented in the co-partnership modalities with the financial and technical support of World Renew.

2107 families of Bardia were displaced after the massive flood occurred on August 2017.  During the flood, Caritas Nepal distributed the relief items relief support. As the affected families could not rebuild their houses and were staying in temporary shelters. World Renew and Caritas Nepal took the initiation to rebuild the disaster resistant houses of 103 completely damaged houses which is now regarded as the “Demo Village (Namuna Basti)”.

Goal: To support the partner organization in strengthening capacities at strategic and operational level in Humanitarian action

Location: Jhapa, Udaypur, Mohottari, Dhanusha, Saptari, Chitwan, Sindhupalchowk, Sindhuli, Rupendehi, Kapilvastu, Dang, Pyuthan, Banke, Mugu/Jumla, Kanchanpur and Doti

European Asian Partnership for Building Capacities in Humanitarian Action (PEACH) is a EU funded project of Caritas Organizations’ consortium of EU-Asia. Caritas Consortium consists of 10 Caritas member organizations led by Caritas Austria, two more organizations from Europe (Caritas Czech Republic & Caritas Romania) and seven from Asia (CN, Caritas India, Caritas Pakistan Caritas Myanmar, Caritas Philippines, Caritas Bangladesh and Caritas Asia).

Issues covered by capacity building training provided: Basic Principle and Standards in Humanitarian Aid: Humanitarian service delivery using CI Guideline / Tool Kit; Cash transfer in times of emergency; Volunteer Management; Needs Assessment for emergency response.

Goal: Earthquake affected households in Gorkha Municipality re-build their lives and are more resilient to disasters.

Location: Gorkha Municipality (all 1-15 wards) People reached: 6,789

Period: October 2017 to September 2019

The 2015 earthquake epicenter Gorkha was devastated with all the possible losses i.e. with hundreds of casualties and with millions of worth of physical damage. The district faced scarcity of everything, lack of cash, resources, knowledge on earthquake resistant shelter techniques, skills in WASH and livelihoods to rebuild their home, recover their livelihood needs and maintain hygiene and sanitation. All these scarcity made impossible for Gorkha to get back to normal.

During this time, at the verge of absolute nothing, Caritas initiated to rebuild lives of affected people in Gorkha. Though the beginning was difficult, however, with a clear vision and good team members, Caritas launched the project in 15 wards of Gorkha municipality to provide safe, adequate, sustainable and sanitary environment, to make access of safe drinking water, appropriate sanitation and healthy environment for the affected. Caritas Nepal is implementing earthquake recovery activities in shelter, WASH and livelihood sectors at Gorkha Municipality. The project recover their livelihoods through various trainings and related support. Livelihood practices will be improved and proactive participation in and influence of recovery activities.

The objectives of the programs are:

Objective 1: Earthquake affected households are living in safe and adequate earthquake resistant shelters.

Objective 2: To ensure that the earthquake affected households are using appropriate WASH facilities, Caritas Nepal repaired or constructed drinking water supply systems, oriented and mobilized people to improve hygiene and sanitation situation at the household and community levels.

Objective 3: To ensure increased livelihood security for the people affected by the earthquake.

Objective 4: To ensure earthquake affected communities have access to safe, dignified and accessible Programmes that increase their physical and mental well-being.

Objective 5: To increase resilience of earthquake affected communities to disaster risks.

 

The programme is being implemented in 16 ward locations as per the new Municipality or Rural Municipality structure. These locations are in 4 of the 14 most earthquake affected districts of Nepal.

Locations (District and villages):

  1. Dolakha district – Bigu 2 (Orang), Bigu 3 (Bulung), Sailung 6 & 7;
  2. Sindhupalchowk district – Sunkoshi 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (Kalika, Thokarpa, Yamunadanda, Sunkhani);
  3. Kavrepalanchowk district – Panauti-11 (Balthali), Mandandeupur-10 (Chandenimandan), Chaurideurali 1, 2, 3;
  4. Sindhuli – Golanzer – 6 (Baseswar) and Hariharpur Gadhi -1. Th is programme is supported by CI and consortium of partners (Caritas Organizations and other catholic organizations).

Goal: Provide relief to address immediate life-saving needs of flood and landslide-affected men, women, and children.

Location: 36 wards of 13 Municipality/Rural Municipality in 7 Districts

Period: July 2017 to November 2017

Due to the continuous heavy rainfall in many parts of Nepal in June to August period of 2017, 35 out of 75 districts of Nepal were affected by landslides and/or floods. 1.7 million people were reported to be affected (Reliefweb – August, 2017). Caritas Nepal provided emergency relief to the affected people.

The relief assistance has helped the floods and landslides affected people to meet their immediate lifesaving need. However, there is an urgent need of recovery activities especially Livelihood, resettlement and reconstruction of shelter for the safe return of the affected population to normality.

Document for Download: Nepal Flood Response and Early Recovery Programme (NFRER) 2017-2018 – Good Practices and Stories of Change

Goal: Contribute to the recovery of flood-affected families to live a dignified life and enhance their resilience.

Locations: Saptari, Nawalparash, Bardiya, Banke, Jhapa, Sunsari, and Dhanusha; 48 Wards of 8 Rural Municipalities , 4 Municipalities and 1 Sub Metropolitan Location.

Period: November 2017 to October 2018

The heavy rainfall in many parts of the country in early Monsoon period of 2017 resulted in more than 1.7 million people being affected by flood and landslide. Caritas Nepal first undertook relief operations and later supported the recovery activities with the support of Caritas Internationalis.

With the objective to enhance livelihood of flood affected households, Caritas Nepal conducted various livelihood related training and support activities (such as livestock trainings, agricultural input supports, and cash for work activities). Additional activities included disinfection of hand-pumps, hygiene awareness, and health camps to ensure good health of the people affected by the disaster.

Goal: To help the Nepali people who have returned from Europe to be reintegrated in Nepal and pursue a dignified life.

Period: April 2017 to March 2020

Europe has been a destination of choice for many Nepalese seeking economic opportunities and a better life. The main push factor for migration from Nepal is due to lack of employment opportunities in Nepal. The European Union and national governments of European countries have put in place strong policies and measures to prevent illegal migrants to stay and work in their countries. Migration for economic purposes is strongly discouraged.

Still there are many Nepalese who have ended up in Europe in one way or other. From 2007 onwards, Caritas Internationalist and European Union have been helping these people to return to Nepal voluntarily and be re-integrated here with the STAVR project. Those who have returned are provided counseling, guidance and fund support for income generation (based on business plans), and linkage support for reconciliation with family by Caritas Nepal. Each returnee is monitored by Caritas Nepal for some time and guided to be effectively reintegrated.