Nepal Flood 2017
Worst rainfall in 10 years across the country from 11 to 14 August 2017 has resulted an outburst of floods in southern plain land and Chure region of Nepal. As per report of Nepal Red Cross Society on 27th August, the devastating floods has killed 149 people; left 134 injured and 27 are still missing. 26 districts of Terai region have been inundated while transportation along the East West Highway has been halted. Report further says that 352,744 families are affected, 64,997 houses are completely damaged while 144,973 are partially and 92,216 families have been fully displaced.
Caritas immediately jumped into action across the flood affected areas through its regional offices. Currently, Caritas ground teams are actively carrying out rapid response with food, non-food items and community mess (kitchen) services.
Caritas and its partners are actively supplying food and non-food items in 11 districts: Bardia, Kailali, Dang, Banke, Nawalparashi, Chitwan, Jhapa, Mahottari, Dhanusha, Saptari and Udyapur reaching 7,076 families.
Caritas Nepal’s director Father K.B Bogati is currently in Jhapa a flood-affected district in eastern Nepal. He says: “Everything has been swept away, people have lost their lives and thousands have been displaced, they are grateful as Caritas support have arrived”.
Caritas has reached 2417 affected families in five districts with immediate food and non-food items, tarpaulin and have been providing cooked food forthe affected communities at least once a day.
Gangaram Mandal (with disability) in Saptari was one among thousands who received immediate support from Caritas. He says “This is the first time in my 30 years to experience such a devastating flood, I am fortunate to have escaped from death”.
Rapid need assessment
Caritas team conducted rapid need assessment from 23 to 26 August in seven districts; Banke, Bardiya, Saptari, Dhanusa, Jhapa, Sunsari and Nawalparashi.
12 Caritas staff were divided into four groups and conducted 19 focus group discussions with communities in 10 rural/municipalities.
The rapid need assessment process involved focus group discussion, interviews and observation during transect walk with the community leaders, stakeholders, vulnerable people from the affected areas.
More than 75% of the communities visited by the assessment team were found severely affected; at least 20,000 affected families were observed/visited.
The communities also reported that they have lost more than 80% of their harvest. They estimated that at least 60 % of the agricultural production will be decreased at the end of the year.
Stored crops like paddy, maize, wheat almost all have been destroyed which is leading to situation of food insecurity in coming days, months and years.
Water sources like hand pumps, tube wells, rivers and ponds are submerged and contaminated with flood water. This has highly risked the affected communities towards catastrophic air and water-borne diseases.
Planning for early recovery
To cope with the situation, Caritas has prioritized following sectors:
- Food assistance
- Transitional shelter support
- Agricultural support
- Water and sanitation
- Assistance for health care
Caritas Nepal is developing proposal for emergency appeal and will be shared among Caritas Internationalis and member organisations within few days.
Caritas as it is well known in communities and among stakeholders, there has been high expectation from local authorities. Therefore, Caritas is currently planning to carry out early recovery in 11 districts. In order to provide services efficiently on timely manner, Caritas Nepal is going to mobilize three regional offices in cluster basis. Caritas will be accompanied by existing partners in each district.
“We have lost everything; house and belongings, currently, we are spending our days with help of relief materials; but for how long should we depend?”
“If anyone wishes to help me then please provide me Mobile Cart so that I could resume my business again” - Suresh Kumar Gupta, 50, Sunasari, East Nepal